Vox‘s Are We Automating Racism? is an excellent introduction that covers a lot of grounds.
As algorithms govern more and more of our lives, the biases in the algorithms, more broadly biases in computer systems (Friedman1996bias)
- Discrimination in the Age of Algorithms by Jon Kleinberg et al.
- Dissecting racial bias in an algorithm used to manage the health of populations
- Millions of black people affected by racial bias in health-care algorithms
The bias of language models
StereoSet “is a dataset that measures stereotype bias in language models. StereoSet consists of 17,000 sentences that measure model preferences across gender, race, religion, and profession.”