Gender bias

In science

faculty hiring

Drug development

In summary, we found that 10 prescription drugs have been withdrawn from the U.S. market since January 1, 1997. Eight of the 10 prescription drugs posed greater health risks for women than for men: four of these may have led to more adverse events in women because they were prescribed more often to women than to men, while the other four had more adverse events in women even though they were widely prescribed to both women and men. Of the two remaining withdrawn drugs, one belongs to a class of drugs known to pose a greater health risk for women, but we were unable to find direct evidence that the adverse events that contributed to its withdrawal occurred predominantly in women. We found no direct evidence that the health risks for the remaining withdrawn drug differed for women and men. In comments on a draft of this letter, FDA generally agreed with our analysis.


Reference letter

in Machine learning

see also word2vec

Algorithmic bias

Vlasceanu2022propagation studies search engine’s bias.

In writing